World Diabetes Day is celebrated every year on 14th November with the intent of raising awareness about diabetes. This year’s theme is ‘The Family and Diabetes’!
Diabetes is a condition that occurs due to high levels of glucose in the human bloodstream. It occurs when the body doesn’t produce an adequate amount of insulin. Most common forms are diabetes are – Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes.
- Type 1 Diabetes: It is the most acute form of diabetes that affects the way the body processes blood sugar or glucose.
- Type 2 Diabetes: It is the most common form of diabetes where the pancreas produces little or no insulin.
- Prediabetes: It is the condition in which blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be type 2 diabetes. The best part is that one can easily get rid of it if they follow the guidelines shared by the doctor.
Let’s have a look at some of the facts and figures shared by IDF (International Diabetes Federation):
- The number of people with diabetes is expected to rise to 522 million by 2030.
- 3 out of 4 people suffering from diabetes live in low and middle-income countries.
- 1-in-2 people with diabetes (212 million) remain undiagnosed.
- Diabetes is a leading cause of heart disease, stroke, blindness, kidney failure and lower limb amputation.
- 80% of cases of Type-2 diabetes is preventable through the adoption of a healthy lifestyle.
- Less than 1 in 2 people with diabetes and 1 in 4 family members of people with diabetes have access to diabetes education programme.
This World Diabetes Day, we bring you some ways that you should follow to prevent it:
- The first step is knowing your blood sugar level. If your age is above 30 years then, you should get your blood sugar levels checked at regular intervals.
- Eat a balanced and healthy diet. You need to reduce the high intake of carbohydrates food. Also, reduce fat content in your diet. One should also reduce the intake of salt and sugar. Avoid processed foods whenever possible.
- Exercise regularly and don’t live a sedentary lifestyle. Practice Yoga.
- Minimise alcohol and tobacco intake. Quit smoking.
- Reduce stress by practising meditation and listening to soothing music.
Disclaimer: This article is purely meant for educational purpose only. The tips and suggestions should not be treated as professional medical advice. Always consult your doctor before starting any fitness programme or making any changes to your diet.